Georgetown, the capital of Guyana, is almost fairy tale in appearance, thanks to the tree-lined streets (photo) and avenues and the quaint Dutch colonial and Victorian architecture stemming from its days as Dutch and English colonies. Georgetown lies below the high-tide level, protected by a seawall ( photo) with a series of canals crisscrossing the city. When rains are heavy, flooding, as occurred in early 2005, is a risk.
Located on the mouth of the Demerara River fronting the Atlantic Ocean, Georgetown, originally called Stabroek, was an ideal location for European presence in the Caribbean. Orient yourself with this map of Guyana. Rich in timber, bauxite, gold and diamonds, the land supported sugar cane plantations and enriched the colonial governments. The Spanish, Dutch, French and English all had their eyes on this region and for years each struggled to possess it.